Chemotaxonomy of two Satureja L. (Lamiaceae) species from different localities of Turkey
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In this study, two Satureja L. species from different localities of Turkey (Satureja hortensis L. and Satureja boissieri Hausskn. ex Boiss.) have been studied to determine their taxonomic classification based on chemical characters. For this purpose, aerial parts of the studied taxa were investigated by HS-SPME/GC-MS. 28, 30 and 29 compounds were identified in S. boissieri from Şanlıurfa, Bingöl and Malatya accounting from 90.80%, 91.31% and 92.67% of the whole oil, respectively. 26, 30 and 28 compounds were identified in S. hortensis from Adıyaman, Diyarbakır, Elazığ accounting from 93.20%, 92.85% and 92.42% of the whole oil, respectively. -terpinene (30.4%, 26.5% and 32.1%), carvacrol (26.4%, 25.2% and 23.3%) and p-cymene (10.5%, 13.2% and 10.4%) were determined as main compounds of S. boissieri in Şanlıurfa, Bingöl and Malatya species, respectively. Carvacrol (25.0%, 34.1% and 32.1%), thymol (28.2%, 20.2% and 28.1%) and -terpinene (10.1%, 11.3% and 9.4%) were found as main constituents of S. hortensis in Adıyaman, Diyarbakır and Elazığ samples, respectively. The chemical distributions of the essential oil compounds in the Satureja pattern were discussed in respect to their chemotaxonomy and natural products.
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